A consultant obstetrician and gynaecologist has presented the results of new fertility research at a prestigious European conference.
Hany Mostafa, who is the clinical lead for the assisted reproduction unit at the University Hospital of Hartlepool presented at The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) meeting in Lisbon for the first time. The annual fertility meeting in Europe attracts thousands of experts from around the world.
The results of a study were presented to compare patients with endometriosis related infertility in in‐vitro-fertilisation IVF with patients with tubal factor infertility – caused by a blockage or damage to the fallopian tubes.
He said: “Endometriosis is a common condition in which small pieces of the womb lining are found outside the womb. In the ovaries, cysts known as endometriomas or “chocolate cysts” may form. Implants of endometriosis may grow on the peritoneum (the lining of the abdomen and pelvis), sometimes causing scarring that may involve the ovaries and block the tubes. The cause of endometriosis is not known, although it often runs in families.
“Endometriosis can be found in up to 50% of infertile women. Infertility patients with moderate and severe endometriosis have monthly pregnancy rates of less than 2%.
“IVF is the most effective treatment for moderate or severe endometriosis, particularly if surgery fails to restore fertility however; Data on the impact of endometriosis on the results of IVF treatment are controversial.
“We carried out a review of the women undergoing IVF treatment between January 2012 to December 2013, in the assisted reproductive unit at the University Hospital of Hartlepool.
“We identified 41 patients with endometriosis compared to 321 patients with tubal factor infertility matched for age and duration of infertility.
“There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the clinical pregnancy rate per cycle. Endometriosis patients had a comparable percentage of (83%) of good quality embryos.
“The findings from our study suggest that the success of women with endometriosis is fairly well in IVF in terms of embryo quality, implantation, and multiple pregnancy rates as compared to women with tubal factor infertility.
“Infertility affects as many as one in seven couples in the UK. There is new research and new developments in fertility all the time. Any research like this can only further improve the service we can provide to couples who are desperate to become a family. The findings are very reassuring for patients with endometriosis.
“It was a pleasure and a privilege to be representing the trust, alongside so many experts in fertility.
“We are continuing to invest in the latest high-tech equipment at the unit in Hartlepool, so that couples get the best chance of becoming parents.
“We are using modern equipment and the latest up to date fertility techniques here and we’re seeing good results. I would urge anyone who has been trying to have a baby but without success to consider getting in touch, so we can help.”
To find out more about the trust’s assisted reproduction unit go to www.nth.nhs.uk/services/assisted-reproduction-unit/